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R gives the reader free access to the most inner thoughts of several major characters most notably to Bayou s This xtra dimension of their personalities makes these characters Die Neurobiologie des Glücks: Wie die Positive Psychologie die Medizin verändert (German Edition) even intimate and accessible to the readerOne thing Ispecially Meditieren mit Musik und Klngen: Inspiration Nada Yoga enjoyed in the book was learning about the multiplelements of the ing Dynasty China interwoven in the story the arranged marriages concubines the dowager cult incidentally this latter largely contributed to the fall of China during Emperor Dowager Cixi s regency the bizarre look at suicide as an accepted and in fact freuently MasterCases in Spine Surgery expected solution to life s problems Chinese Medicine with its reliance on pulsevaluation the system of feudalistic servants whose status was not much different from slaves but who could become highly valued members of the families in the book represented by Xiren and Pinger the influence of Buddhism Taoism and Confucianism on very day life the role of Chinese Opera in Chinese culture the importance of jade in Chinese spirituality tcOne peculiarity that stood out for me in the book is the physical and psychological fragility of the Jia clan members Freuent crying mental derangement suicide and consumption ie tuberculosis abounded in this wealthy family I could not find any historical information regarding the incidence of mental disease and tuberculosis in 18th century China but based on the story it surely seemed high Or was this family struck by an unusual genetic burden due to intermarriage As an Keepers Compendium example Bayou who himself acted at times as a schizophrenic other times as a depressed or autistic youngsters married his first cousinIn summary this is a remarkable book for its documentation of an obscure historical time hardly accessible for most Westerners It has a rich character set the theme is timeless and the intriguing subplots make it a persuasive reading The book s length is due toxuisite details On one side these seemingly unnecessary details don t help much with the modern concept of story development yet I would submit that they have other literary values I can see that many potential readers will get discouraged to start or continue reading the book The Man with the Golden Gun (James Bond role-playing game) [Box Set] even after overcoming their reluctance due to the formidable page number To such potential readers I would recommend reading one of the abridged versions readily available in popular bookstores Zhuangzi said that the desire for money is difficult to overcome but the desire for fame is difficult Well how about love Many believe that The Dream of the Red Chamber ismblematic of the climax of Chinese literature I do think it is the best Chinese novel but I wouldn t say it is the mblem because it departs greatly from the The truth is that if not for my Asian Literatures class I wouldn t have mustered nough strength despite interest to read this novel And I am particularly drawn to the idea forwarded by some academics that Hong Lou Meng is actually a critiue to the reception of the public to fiction and perhaps to reading in general Also it is a counter to the idea that in order to attain Schmerzmedizin - 1000 Fragen enlightenment one must transcend theveryday world A monk makes a stone nod The stone is cast away by the Goddess And yet in Hong Lou Meng the Psychologische Homöopathie. exact opposite happens The stone that has been cast off goes into the Red Dust and lives a mundane life as Chia Pao Yu Upon death his story was carved on his surface and stands proud and visible as a mockery to the Goddess rejection of him The story through presenting theveryday life of people shows the reader that a full life an The Viva Mayr Diet: 14 days to a flatter stomach and a younger you enlightened life can bexperienced through the mundane Excellent Starter Dream of the Red ChamberStory of the Stone two names for the same workThis is an abridged English version of an amazing Chinese novel called Dream of the Red Chamber or Story of the Stone I would recommend reading this if you would like to know the general story which you should as it is one of the most important novels in history This book is HUGE in China it is considered along with one or two other works the pinnacle of Chinese literature And it is much nuanced than the Romeo and Juliet story it is sold as The story is of the downfall of a great house and how it affects the young men and women living there It is remarkable in that it is so much about women at a time when women s lives were considered unimportant It is also defies Confucian s in several ways though adheres to them in others Most points of the author s biography are unknown but it is that he belonged to a wealthy family that much like the family in the book down in the world The book was completed by someone lse It is also a good starter version if you are interested in testing it before you delve into the much longer unabridged version Which really you must read After reading this I read the David Hawkes translation 5 volumeswhich I highly recommendEdit I just wanted to add read After reading this I read the David Hawkes translation 5 volumeswhich I highly recommendEdit I just wanted to add the main reason I recommend this book as a starter is that it gave me in many places the same motional punch as the original which I think it a remarkable achievement considering how greatly it has been condensed One of the greatest masterpieces of literature reading this was an incredible R High Performance Programming experience Poignant funny metaphysical tragic allegorical psychologically profound and highlyntertaining it bridges the worlds of heaven and arth dreams and reality and is a truly astonishing achievement Reading does not get any better than this it really is up there with Don uixote The Divine Comedy War and Peace Shakespeare and anything lse you might name As one Western scholar on the work noted to appreciate its position in Chinese culture we must imagine a work with the critical cachet of James Joyce s Ulysses with the popular appeal of Margaret Mitchell s Gone With the Wind and twice as long as the two combinedThere is an xcellent review here if you are interested it s listed in an alternate translation as Story of the Stone Guardian articleRead the novel here Hattip to WandafulOpening Chen Shih yin in a vision apprehends perception and spirituality Chia Y ts un in the windy and dusty world cherishes fond thoughts of a beautiful maidenThis is the opening section this the first chapter Subseuent to the visions of a dream which he had on some previous occasion xperienced the writer personally relates he designedly concealed the true circumstances and borrowed the attributes of perception and spirituality to relate this story of the Record of the Stone With this purpose he made use of such designations as Chen Shih yin truth under the garb of fiction and the like What are however the vents recorded in this work Who are the dramatis personaeA stone hurled by an Empress feels neglected desolate and unfit The Empress N Wo the goddess of works in fashioning blocks of stones for the repair of the heavens prepared at "the Ta Huang Hills and Wu Ch i cave 36501 blocks of rough "Ta Huang Hills and Wu Ch i cave 36501 blocks of rough ach twelve chang in height and twenty four chang suare Of these stones the Empress Wo only used 36500 so that one single block remained over and above without being turned to any account This was cast down the Ch ing Keng peak So how long is a chang so that we can picture this thing Answer 358 metres or 11 feet 9 inches Ta dah Yet that is only half the story this heavenly stone can Vermeer to Eternity expand or contract become the apex of a mountain or lay in the palm of a curious hand What fun Not like Pauline Collins talking to rock in Shirley Valentine this rock talks back Damn couldn t find that clip of her talking to rock yet did find this bit which is smashing As regards the several stanzas of doggerel verse they may toovoke such laughter as to compel the reader to blurt out the rice and to spurt out the wine Given the Heaven to Betsy entire China is learning English as a second language it s hardly necessary for people in the western countries to study the notoriously difficult Chinese language for business or travel purposes However if there is one reasonable cause to learn Chinese it would be to appreciate this book in its original language which could be the greatest privilege for anyone who speaks ChineseWhat about translations One might askMy answer would be Given the chance I will probably get rid ofvery last copy of the translated A Dream of Red Mansions Because this legendary masterpiece with its profound beauty and delicate language is fundamentally untranslatable I hate this book and I m ChineseOk hate is a strong word I m repulsed by this book which I viewed as close to godliness in my childhood I hate So B. It em little balls of prudishnessSorry about this translators because I think you did a nice job on this book and Geistigen Hochleistungines an sich ntarteten Sprößlings wieder zu Aufstieg gelan. WHAT EVERY EDUCATED CITIZEN OF THE WORLD NEEDS TO KNOW IN THE 21ST CENTURY THE GREAT CLASSICAL NOVELS OF CHINA THE DREAM OF RED MANSIONS BY CAO XUEIN THE JOURNEY TO THE WEST BY WU CHENGEN THE ROMANCE OF THE THREE KINGDOMS by LUO GUANZHONG THE WATER MARGIN or ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS by SHI NAI AN THE SCHOLARS BY WU JINGZI AND THE EROTIC CLASSIC THE JIN PING MEI OR GOLDEN LOTUS FROM THE WORLD LITERATURE FORUM RECOMMENDED CLASSICS AND MASTERPIECES SERIES VIA GOODREADS ROBERT SHEPPARD EDITOR IN CHIEFChinese culture is renown for its addiction to compiling Lists of the Greats from the Four Great Inventions of China Paper the Comnpass Printing and Gunpowder to the Four Great Beautiful Women Yang Guifei Xi Shi Yang Jiaojun and Diaochan to the Three Great Tang Dynasty Poets Li Bai Li Po Du Fu and Wang Wei to the Four Great Novels of Chinese Literature Thus very ducated Chinese person was xpected to have read or at least to have thouroughly read about The Four Great Novels The ing Dynasty Classic the Hong Lou Meng or The Dream of Red Mansions by Cao Xuein the Xi You Ji or Journey to the West by Wu Chengen featuring the fabulous Monkey King Sun Wukong the great historical pic The Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong and the classic Robin Hood tale of gallant outlaws Shui Hu Zhuan or The Water Margin by Shi Nai an Chinese scholars generally added two additional novels as an Apocrypha to this Canonic Prose Bible of The Four Great Novels which officially you shouldn t have read like the Maruis de Sade or Lady Chatterly s Lover in the West but which if you were a real intellectual you definitely should have The rotic classic the Jin Ping Mei or The Golden Lotus which was Trading Places: The Netherlandish Merchants in Early Modern Venice excluded from inclusion in the canon because of its sexual immoral and pornographic content despite its admitted literaryxcellence and the Ru Lin Wai Shi or The Scholars by Wu Jingzi also downgraded from classical status due to its bohemian counter cultural satire on and rejection of traditional Confucian scholars and En plein coeur examination passing officials as mindless conformists and intellectual ciphers In the not so remote pastducation centered on learning the cultural tradition of one s own nation was assumed to be an adeuate foundation for functional adulthood and citizenship Thus Chinese scholars concentrated on the Confucian heritage and with little ffort given to understanding other civilizations and traditions Christians were content with the Bible and their own national classics and Islamic nations were happy if one could recite the Koran by heart In today s cosmopolitan globalized world of transnational business and the Internet familiarity with one s own national history national culture and literature is no longer an adeuate preparation for adult life in the globalized real world Thus ach Dance Real Slow educated person in the modern world must have a basic familiarity with World Literature in addition to his own national or regional literature accompanied of course with a basic knowledge of World History World Religions World Philosophy and universal science With the increasing importance of a Rising China in world affairs and culture it is thus incumbent onvery ducated person in the world to have some basic familiarity with these six classics of Chinese Literature Thus World Literature Forum in this Recommended Classics and Masterpieces of World Literature Series provides the following very basic introduction to these works perhaps in a globalized version of ED Hirsch s What Every American Should Know reformulated as What Every Citizen of the World Should Know in the 21st Century THE IMMORTAL SAGA OF FAMILY DECLINE AND SPIRITUAL FATE HONG LOU MENG OR A DREAM OF RED MANSIONSThe theme and saga of family decline is a universal mofif in World Literature mbracing such classics as Thomas Mann s Buddenbrooks the English Forsyth Saga of Gallsworthy Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waigh and One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garc a M ruez The Dream of Red Mansions is one of the great xemplars of this genre movingly telling the tale of the decline of the Jia family laced with Buddhist spiritual fore fated melancholy from success and influence in the ing Dynasty Imperial Court through demise weakening of character disaster and their fall into relative obscurity Scholars and popular readers have agreed that the Dream of the Red Chamber obscurity Scholars and popular readers have agreed that the Dream of the Red Chamber variously ntitled A Dream of Red Chambers or The Story of the Stone is the greatest Chinese novel though differences of opinion have developed as to the xact nature of its greatness since its publication Indeed in China there is a whole virtual branch of knowledge or cottage industry which is known as Red ology in the interpretation of the work about which a similar amount of criticism has been written as comparable with that of Shakespeare criticism in England of Goethe criticism in Germany The Dream of the Red Mansion also serves as a veritable ncyclopedia of imperial Chinese society and culture in the ing Dynasty 1644 1911 introducing over four hundred characters hailing from all walks of life and social classes with intricate subplots and detailed descriptions of buildings gardens furniture cuisine medicines clothing poetry tiuette games performances and pastimes of the aristocracy and others The novel has simi autobiographical features as the author Cao Xuein 1715 1763also came from a declining family successful in the arly ing Dynasty but reduced in fortune and circumstances until the author died in relative poverty and obscurity whille completing his immortal pic in BeijingReduced to its most central characters the story focuses on a young man of the Jia family Jia Baoyu coming of age surrounded by female cousins and slightly ffeminate and romantic in his temperament who falls Baoyu coming of age surrounded by female cousins and slightly ffeminate and romantic in his temperament who falls love with but cannot marry Lin Daiyu a poor relation cousin who has a spiritual beauty that accompanies her declining health His Golden Days are spent cavorting with these cousins and friends in aristocratic pleasures and cultivated pastimes such as writing poetry couplets to ach other watching Chinese Opera performances and frolicing in the Pleasure Garden of the family The Taste of Night (Signs of the Zodiac, estate As the years go by Jia Baoyu protected and spoiled by his doting grandmother interminably procrastinates in pursuing the twin adult responsibilities urged on him by his parents His stern Confucian father urges on him the duty of studying hard passing the Imperial Examination becoming a court bureaucrat and restoring the family s declining material fortunes His mother urges that he find an appropriate match as a wife from a successful aristocratic family that canxtend and nhance the waning power and wealth of the xtended family Instead Baoyu dallies in adolescent games and pleasures sexual xperimentation and petty intrigues holding on to the splendor in the grass of the family Pleasure Garden and feels that his love bond with his poor cousin the ailing Lin Daiyu is spiritually fated which it proves to be to the unhealthy detriment of all The immense novel also operates powerfully on a symbolic spiritual level with the opening chapter from which the alternative title The Story of the Stone derives literally containing the ntire novel condensed into symbolic form Following ancient Chinese Taoist and Buddhist myth a stone rejected by a goddess who was repairing the sky is picked up by a Buddhist monk and a Daoist priest and taken to the world of the mortals to be found ons later by another Daoist With The Story Of Its Worldly Forefated Experience Inscribed with the story of its worldly forefated xperience inscribed it Unfit for the pure unadulterated life and condition of heaven the stone is forefated to suffer birth and death in mortal life below yet also tragically retains alloyed within itself the divine substance of heaven Before the stone Exile and Pilgrim enters upon mortal life and destiny however it like the Little Prince of Exuperay tenderly waters with sweet dew a lovely flower not of this world who in turn incurs a karmic debt towards the stone which must be repaid in the mortal world of human life The story of the stone is thus the inscribed fate of the stone written on itself suspended somehowver insecurely as of all human ndeavor somewhere between heaven and arth but also becomeing in reiteration or reincarnation the story and destiny of Jia Baoyu as an individual human mortal who like the Biblical sheep gone astray of Isiah s Suffering Servant passage or the miscast ploughman s seed finds another xistential and singular destiny fatedly unhappy in this world s material context Thus we learn in the novel that Jai Baoyu was born with a jade stone in his mouth trailing. Inhalt des Traums der roten Kammer ist die Geschichte vom Glanz und vom selbstverschul.

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As it were Wordsworthian clouds of glory in his birth and from thence relives the story of the stone in his ill fated mortal life while his beloved Lin Daiyu a reincarnation of the beautiful other worldly flower loved and watered by the stone in heaven pays her karmic debt to the stone in her undying yet ill fated love and devotion for Jia Baoyu in this world Meanwhile as ach of the characters works out their spiritual destinies the Jia family declines further and further in its worldly fortunes THE JOURNEY TO THE WEST OR XI YOU JI AND THE MONKEY KINGPerhaps the most beloved novel by all Chinese people from children to adults is the immortal Journey to the West of Wu Chengen which tells the story of the pilgrimage of the Buddhist Monk Xuanzong to India to obtain and translate Holy Buddhist Scriptures aided by the magical Monkey King Sun Wu Kong a lovable Pigsy or Zhu Bajie character ndowed with gargantuan physical strength and appetites and a down to arth and practical monk Sandy or Sha Hesheng In the long narrative of their adventures they repeatedly are assaulted n route by demons and vil forces plotting to defeat the Tang Monk s spiritual mission but which are always defeated by the combination of talents and forces of the pilgrim brotherhood led by the rebellious and precocious genius and magical powers of the Monkey King a figure derived from the arlier character Hanuman in the Indian Ramayana As both the Journey to the West and the Romance of the Three Kingdoms have already been treated in greater depth in other blog ntries in this series I will not go into great depth in their description THE ROMANCE OF THE THREE KINGDOMS OF LUO GUANZHONGThe Romance of the Three Kingdoms tells the historically true story of the wars and struggles between the three kingdoms Wei Shu and Wu which arose between 169 AD and 280 AD when the Han Dynasty Empire comparable in scope and population to the contemporaneous Roman Empire broke apart before again acheiving reunification As a novel loosly based on real history but treated with artistic license like Duma s Three Musketeers saga it tells the story of the Iron Brotherhood of devoted friends and heroes Liu Bei Guan Yu and Zhang Fei who swear their one for all and all for one oath of allegiance to restore the Han Dynasty in the famous Oath of the Peach Garden also vowing to protect the oppressed They are opposed by the arch Machiavellian dictator Cao Cao whom they must defeat but are aided by the genius general Zhuge Liang The story of their struggle ultimately successful but not before their deaths has become as familiar to all Chinese Japanese and Korean persons as the stories of Julius Caesar Mark Anthony and Cleopatra are in the West THE WATER MARGIN OR ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS CLASSIC OF OUTLAW GALLANTRY AND ADVENTURE SONG JIANG THE CHINESE ROBIN HOODThe 14th Century classic The Water Margin Shui Hu Zhuan also known as Outlaws of the Marsh as translated by American Cardiovascular Pet: Current Concepts epatriate Sydney Shapiro and All Men Are Brothers as translated by the first female American Nobel Prize Winner Pearl Buck is written in vernacular Chinese and attributed to the writer Shi Nai an The Robin Hoodsue story set in the Song Dynasty tells of how a group of 108 outlaws gathers at Mount Liang or Liangshan Marsh to form a sizable army of adventurous outlaws before they are ventually granted amnesty by the government and sent on campaigns to resist foreign invaders and suppress other rebel forces As such it depicts many of the contradictions in feudal Chinese society based on repression and xploitation of the mass peasantry by a corrupt and oppressive landed aristocracy and imperial bureaucracy which generated repressed and often co opted its opponents The novel focuses on the xploits of the outlaw Song Jiang and his thirty six sworn brothers and their heroic adventures reminiscent of the tales of Robin Hood of Sherwood Forest in the West THE CHINESE EROTIC CLASSIC JIN PING MEI OR THE GOLDEN LOTUSThe Jin Ping Mei or The Golden Lotus is a Chinese naturalistic novel composed in vernacular Chinese during the late Ming Dynasty by an unknown anonymous author taking the pseudonym Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng or The Scoffing Scholar of Lanling circulated first in surreptitious handwritten copies then printed for the first time in 1610 Its graphically xplicit depiction of sexuality has garnered the novel a level of notoriety in the Chinese world akin to Fanny Hill Lady Chatterley s Lover or the Maruis de Sade in Western literature but critics nonetheless generally find a firm moral structure which xacts moralistic retribution for the sexual libertinism of the central characters The Jin Ping Mei takes its name from the three central female cha I just re read this classic of Chinese literature as it s been years since I first read it The Dream of the Red ChamberStory of the Stone is unlike any work in the Western canon yet it fits into the Western tradition of great literature in a way few other xamples of classic Chinese writing are able to offering an ngrossive narrative and a real feel for both character and place There are aspects of this novel that may confuse the modern reader of it in English translation the many titles and nicknames used for various characters the cuts and transitions that are in places unlike Western narrative and a wealth of Chinese traditions manners and morals that will due to The copy I read was a downloadable Kindle version I could not figure out The Translator The Total Location translator The total location was 36403 If I use a recommended page uivalent converter number of 1669 the page number comes to a little over 2100 which is close to the printed full version page numberAt first I couldn t understand how this book became one of the four pinnacles of classical Chinese literature The other three are The Romance of the Three Kingdoms Journey to the West and Outlaws of the Marsh all may have various different titles depending on the translation It starts out like a rather dull uneventful linear diary spiced with an occasional mystical dream of the main prot g Bayou an The Time of the Hunters Moon early teenage boy growing into young adulthood during the story The details of his days and the days of a host of other main characters mostly his relatives are given in obsessive almost painful detailsBut dear Reader don t be fooled by this slow start Perhaps the following statement will demonstrate how the book grew on me completing the first 20 % of the book took me time than the rest of the 80% The reason I hung on during these criticalarly pages was a fascinating look into a long gone culture a culture that until this day has been reflected in the life and mentality of nearly a third of the World s population East and South East Asia to be Vegas Vacation (Destination: Desire, exact If one has my kind ofnthrallment with various cultures the boring details throughout the book actually provide an xuisite opportunity to observe and learn In sharp contrast to the first part around 50% into the reading the story accelerated and I had hard time putting down my Kindle From here on the life vents of a few dozen main characters and countless minor participants became compelling The story branched out into several xciting subplots only to be masterfully reunited in the final chaptersThe Jia is an old noble family in the middle period of the ing Dynasty China One of their greatest social achievements came when the Emperor chose their oldest daughter as a favorite concubine When the family learned that their daughter had gotten permission from the Court to visit her parents for her welcome they built a magnificent garden with several living uarters The rest of the story took place mostly in this garden and the surrounding two mansions belonging to two
Branches Of The Jias The 
of the Jias The storyline focuses on the slow decline of this huge influential family However there is an ually important second storyline running parallel with the first one as an organic component of it Bayou s somewhat mystical spiritual awakening Most characters have multidimensional flesh and blood personalities without a hint of dogmatic profiling The good bad and the ambiguous features are distributed among them with good sense letting their vivid individualities shine throughPoetry is an important part of the characters lives The book presents a good number of poems written by a few gifted family members Although intellectually these poems gave me very little to hang on to their moods nonetheless helped me understand the state of mind of those who wrote the poems and ven the times they lived in Not unlike James Joyce s with his stream of consciousness the autho. Deten Verfall ines dlen großen Geschlechts das schließlich dank der sittlichen und. 紅樓夢 Hónglóu Mèng